Nizhnij Novgorod — sights and interesting facts

Nizhnij Novgorod is located on is on asian part part of Russia (Kstovskij, Nizhegorodskaya), 48 kilometers on nothwest from Nizhegorodskaya. We have found 302 attractions here, some interesting of them: Church of St John the Baptist at auction., Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin, Temple Cathedral of the Blessed Virgin, Pokrovskaya street, Oka River. You can to look around too. On southwest (4 kilometers) is Area Marshal Zhukov. On notheast (5 kilometers) is Temple of the Holy Prince Igor of Chernigov.. On nothwest (5 kilometers) is Nizhny Novgorod Metro, Area Railroaders (5 km), Monument JF Koenig (5 km).

We propose to visit the most interesting attractions:

page: 1, results: 302
Pokrovskaya street
Oka River
Monument to Maxim Gorky
Monument to Valery Chkalov
Sculpture "Nizhny Novgorod policeman"
Sculpture "couple in Love"
Sculpture "Young fashionista"
Sculpture "Butler-a cup of coffee glance"
Sculpture "Nizhny Novgorod merchant"
Chapel belfry with alarm bell
Monument to the founder Prince George Vsevolodovichu
Square on Square AM Gorky.
House Kashirina
Karpovskaya Church
Church of the Ascension of the Lord
Sergius Church of St Elias Sloboda
The temple in honor of the Holy Myrrh-Bearers
Temple of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin
Temple IMPERIAL Saviour
Museum of Architecture and Life of the peoples of the Volga Nizhny Novgorod on Schelokovskom Farm
Moscow monastery church of St. Diveevo monastery
Church in honor of the Vladimir Mother of God, Ouran and Defenders of the Fatherland
Nizhnij Novgorod — News

Interesting facts Nizhnij Novgorod

Nizhny Novgorod () colloquially shortened to Nizhny is with a population of 1 250 619 the fifth largest city in Russia and the administrative center of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast From 1932 to 1990 it was known as Gorky after the writer Maxim Gorky who was born there The city is an important economic...  More
About Nizhnij Novgorod by Wikipedia
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Nizhny Novgorod (), colloquially shortened to Nizhny, is, with a population of 1,250,619, the fifth largest city in Russia and the administrative center of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast. From 1932 to 1990, it was known as Gorky , after the writer Maxim Gorky who was born there. The city is an important economic, transportation and cultural center of Russia and the vast Volga-Vyatka economic region. It is located about 400 km east of Moscow.Зміст1 History1.1 Seat of medieval princes1.2 Strongest fortress of the Grand Duchy of Moscow1.3 Great trade center1.4 Soviet era2 Administrative and municipal status3 City layout and divisions4 Demographics5 Climate6 Economy6.1 Information technology6.2 Engineering industry7 Transportation7.1 Railway7.2 Airport7.3 Waterways7.4 Highway7.5 Public transportation7.6 Aerial tramway8 Main sights8.1 Cultural features8.2 Nizhny Novgorod art gallery8.3 Houses of worship8.4 Other9 Education10 Sports10.1 2018 FIFA World Cup11 Notable people12 International relations12.1 Twin towns and sister cities13 References13.1 Notes13.2 Sources14 External links14.1 Web-camerasHistorySeat of medieval princesAfter the destruction of the Mordvin Inäzor Obram, a hillfort named Obran Osh (Ashli) on the site of the future stone Kremlin, in 1221 a small Russian wooden hillfort was founded by Grand Duke Yury II. Located at the confluence of two of the most important rivers in his principality, the Volga (Mordvin "Rav" or "Rava") and the Oka, Obran Osh was renamed Nizhny Novgorod. Its name literally means Lower Newtown to distinguish it from the older Veliky Novgorod. Its independent existence was threatened by the continuous Mordvin attacks against it. The major attempt made by Inäzor Purgaz from Arzamas in January 1229 was repulsed, but after the death of Yury II on March 4, 1238 at the Battle of Sit River the Mongols occupied the fortress and the remnants of small Nizhny Novgorod settlement which surrendered without any resistance in order to preserve what had been developed since Purgaz's attack nine years earlier. Later a major stronghold for border protection, Nizhny Novgorod fortress took advantage of a natural moat formed by the two rivers.Along with Moscow and Tver, Nizhny Novgorod was among several newly founded towns that escaped Mongol devastation on account of their insignificance, but grew into (great) centers in vassalic Russian political life during the period of the Tatar Yoke. With the agreement of the Mongol Khan, Nizhny Novgorod was incorporated into the Vladimir - Suzdal Principality in 1264. After 86 years its importance further increased when the seat of the powerful Suzdal Principality was moved here from Gorodets in 1350. Grand Duke Dmitry Konstantinovich (1323–1383) sought to make his capital a rival worthy of Moscow; he built a stone citadel and several churches and was a patron of historians. The earliest extant manuscript of the Russian Primary Chronicle, the Laurentian Codex, was written for him by the local monk Laurentius in 1377.Strongest fortress of the Grand Duchy of MoscowПосилання на зображення Kuzma Minin appeals to the people of Nizhny Novgorod to raise a volunteer army against the Poles.Посилання на зображення Church of the Nativity of Our Lady, built by the StroganovsПосилання на зображення Minin and Pozharsky SquareПосилання на зображення Nizhny Novgorod KremlinAfter the city's incorporation into the Grand Duchy of Moscow in 1392, the local princes took the name Shuisky and settled in Moscow, where they were prominent at the court and briefly ascended the throne in the person of Vasily IV. After being burnt by the powerful Crimean Tatar chief Edigu in 1408, Nizhny Novgorod was restored and regarded by the Muscovites primarily as a great stronghold in their wars against the Tatars of Kazan. The enormous red-brick kremlin, one of the strongest and earliest preserved citadels in Russia, was built in 1508–1511 under the supervision of Peter the Italian. The fortress was strong enough to withstand Tatar sieges in 1520 and 1536.In 1612, the so-called national militia, gathered by a local merchant, Kuzma Minin, and commanded by Knyaz Dmitry Pozharsky expelled the Polish troops from Moscow, thus putting an end to the "Time of Troubles" and establishing the rule of the Romanov dynasty. The main square before the kremlin is named after Minin and Pozharsky, although it is locally known simply as "Minin Square." Minin's remains are buried in the citadel. (In commemoration of these events, on October 21, 2005, an exact copy of the Red Square statue of Minin and Pozharsky was placed in front of St John the Baptist Church, which is believed to be the place from where the call to the people had been proclaimed.)In the course of the following century, the city prospered commercially and was chosen by the Stroganovs (the wealthiest merchant family of Russia) as a base for their operations. A particular style of architecture and icon painting, known as the Stroganov style, developed there at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries.The historical coat of arms of Nizhny Novgorod in 1981 was a red deer with black horns and hooves on a white field. The modern coat of arms circa 1992 is the same, but the shield can be adorned with golden oak leaves tied with a ribbon with colours of the Russian national flag.Great trade centerПосилання на зображення This building formerly housed the Great Russian FairПосилання на зображення Shukhov towers built in the Nizhny Novgorod suburbs near Dzerzhinsk in 1927–1929; one of them is still in placeIn 1817, the Makaryev Fair, one of the liveliest in the world, was transferred to Nizhny Novgorod, and started to attract millions of visitors annually. By the mid-19th century, the city was firmly established as the trade capital of the Russian Empire. The world's first radio receiver by engineer Alexander Popov and the world's first hyperboloid tower and lattice shell-coverings by engineer Vladimir Shukhov were demonstrated at the All-Russia industrial and art exhibition in Nizhny Novgorod in 1896. According to official Imperial Russian statistics the population of Nizhny Novgorod as of 14 January 1913 was 97,000.The largest industrial enterprise was the Sormovo Iron Works which was connected by the company's own railway to Moscow station in the upper part of Nizhny Novgorod. The private Moscow to Kazan Railway Company's station was in the lower part of the city. Other industries gradually developed, and by the start of the 20th century the city was also a first-rank industrial hub. Henry Ford helped build a large truck and tractor plant (GAZ) in the late 1920s, sending engineers and mechanics, including future labour leader Walter Reuther.Soviet eraThere were no permanent bridges over the Volga or Oka before the October Revolution in 1917. Temporary bridges were built during the trade fair. The first bridge over the Volga was started by the Moscow-Kazan Railway Company in 1914, but only finished in the Soviet Era when the railway to Kotelnich was opened for service in 1927.Maxim Gorky was born in Nizhny Novgorod in 1868 as Alexey Maximovich Peshkov. In his novels he described the dismal life of the city proletariat.Even during his lifetime, the city was renamed Gorky following his return to the Soviet Union in 1932 on the invitation of Joseph Stalin. The city bore Gorky's name until 1990. His childhood home is preserved as a museum, known as the Kashirin House, after Alexey's grandfather who owned the place.During much of the Soviet era, the city was closed to foreigners to safeguard the security of Soviet military research and production facilities, even though it was a popular stopping point for Soviet tourists traveling up and down the Volga in tourist boats. Unusually for a Soviet city of that size, even street maps were not available for sale until the mid-1970s.Mátyás Rákosi, communist leader of Hungary, died there in 1971. The physicist and Nobel laureate Andrei Sakharov was exiled there during 1980-1986 to limit his contacts with foreigners.An end to the "closed" status of the city accompanied the reinstatement of the city's original name in 1990.Administrative and municipal statusNizhny Novgorod is the administrative center of the oblast.Law #184-Z Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with one resort settlement and twelve rural localities, incorporated as the city of oblast significance of Nizhny Novgorod—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts. As a municipal division, the city of oblast significance of Nizhny Novgorod is incorporated as Nizhny Novgorod Urban Okrug.Law #205-ZCity layout and divisionsПосилання на зображення State Bank of Nizhny Novgorod built in 1913Nizhny Novgorod is divided by the Oka River into two distinct parts. The Upper City (, Nagornaya chast) is located on the hilly eastern (right) bank of the Oka. It includes three of the eight city districts into which the city is administratively divided:Nizhegorodsky (the historical and administrative center of the city);Prioksky;Sovetsky.The Lower City (, Zarechnaya chast) occupies the low (western) side of the Oka, and includes five city districts:Kanavinsky (the site of the Nizhny Novgorod Fair and the location of the main train station);Moskovsky (home of the Sokol Aircraft Plant and its airfield);Sormovsky (where Krasnoye Sormovo and the Volga Shipyard are located);Avtozavodsky (built around the GAZ automotive plants);Leninsky.All of today's lower city was annexed by Nizhny Novgorod in 1929–1931.DemographicsPopulation: Births (2008): 12,969Deaths (2008): 20,757Nizhny Novgorod is the fifth largest city in Russia, ranking after Moscow, St. Petersburg, Novosibirsk, and Yekaterinburg.ClimateThe climate in the region is continental, specifically humid continental (Dfb), and it is similar to the climate in Moscow, although colder in winter, which lasts from late November until late March with a permanent snow cover. Average temperatures range from in July to in January.EconomyInformation technologyNizhny Novgorod is one of the centers of the IT Industry in Russia. It ranks among the leading Russian cities in terms of the quantity of software R&D providers. Intel has a big software R&D center with more than 500 engineers in the city, as well as a major datacenter. In Nizhny Novgorod there is also a number of offshore outsourcing software developers, including Bell Integrator, Itseez, Tecom, Luximax Systems Ltd., MERA Networks, RealEast Networks, Auriga, SoftDrom, and Teleca, and many other smaller ones that specialize in delivering services to telecommunication vendors.There are twenty-five scientific R&D institutions focusing on telecommunications, radio technology, theoretical and applied physics, and thirty-three higher educational institutions, among them are Nizhny Novgorod State Medical Academy, Nizhny Novgorod State University, Nizhny Novgorod Technical University, as well as Nizhny Novgorod Institute of Information Technologies (former MERA Networks training center), that focuses on information technologies, software development, system administration, telecommunications, cellular networks, Internet technologies, and IT management.Nizhny Novgorod has also been chosen as one of four sites for building an IT-oriented technology park—a special zone that has an established infrastructure and enjoys a favorable tax and customs policy.Engineering industryThe engineering industry is the leading industry of Nizhny Novgorod economy. It is mainly oriented towards transportation, i.e., the auto industry, shipbuilding, diesel engines, aircraft manufacture, and machine tools, with the auto industry being the leading sector (50%).Largest plants include:JSC "Gorky Automobile Plant" - personal cars, trucks, armored personnel carriers, and other autos;JSC "Krasnoye Sormovo" - river and sea ships, submarines;JSC "Sokol" - airplanes, jets;JSC "Hydromash"- hydraulic actuators, landing gearsJSC "Nitel" - TV sets;JSC "RUMO" - diesel generators;JSC "Krasny yakor" - anchor chains;TransportationПосилання на зображення OO gauge Model Railway of the high speed Sapsan Railway from Moscow – Saint Petersburg Railway and Moscow to Nizhny Novgorod Railway in the Museum of the Moscow Railway, MoscowПосилання на зображення The Metro BridgeПосилання на зображення One of the three bridges spanning the OkaПосилання на зображення Riverside terminalRailwayThe Gorkovskaya Railroad, a Russian Railways department which operates some of rail lines throughout the Middle Volga region and in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, is headquartered in Nizhny Novgorod. Since 1862, there has been a railway connection between Nizhny Novgorod and Moscow.Train Station in Nizhny Novgorod Overnight trains provide access to Nizhny Novgorod from Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Kazan, Yaroslavl and others. Since December 2002, a fast train transports passengers between Nizhny Novgorod and Moscow in less than five hours. One can continue from Nizhny Novgorod eastward along the Trans-Siberian Railway, with direct trains to major cities in the Urals and Siberia, as well as to Beijing, Pyongyang, and Ulan-Bator.The first high-speed rail Sapsan train to Moscow (Kursky Rail Terminal) and Saint Petersburg (Moskovsky Rail Terminal) was launched on July 30, 2010.Suburban commuter trains (elektrichka) connect Nizhny Novgorod with Vladimir, Dzerzhinsk, Murom, Kirov, Arzamas, Zavolzhye, Balakhna, and others.AirportThe Nizhny Novgorod International Airport has direct flights to major Russian cities, as well as to Frankfurt (five flights a week by Lufthansa), Dubai, Prague. The air base Sormovo was an important military airlift facility, and Pravdinsk air base was an interceptor aircraft base during the Cold War. S7 Airlines and UTair Aviation fly to Moscow's Domodedovo and Vnukovo Airports daily.WaterwaysNizhny Novgorod is an important center of Volga cargo and passenger shipping. During summer, cruise vessels operate between Nizhny Novgorod, Moscow, Saint Petersburg, and Astrakhan. In 2006 a small number of Meteor-class hydrofoils resumed operations on the Volga river.HighwayThe city is served by the Russian highway M-7 (Moscow – Nizhny Novgorod – Kazan – Ufa), and is a hub of the regional highway network.Public transportationPublic transportation within the city is provided by a small subway system (Nizhny Novgorod Metro), tramways, marshrutkas (routed taxis), buses, and trolleybuses. Electric and diesel commuter trains run to suburbs in several directions.Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin. Dmitrovskaya tower..jpgTrolleybus ZiU-682ZiU-9 trolley nn.jpgTrolleybus ZiU-9Green Russian bus.jpgE7216-NN-Proletarskaya-PAZ.jpgPAZ-3205 bus71-153 Strassenbahnfahrzeug in Nischni Nowgorod.jpgThe 71-153 model tramcar on Belinskiy StreetKtm5 nn.jpg71-605 (KTM-5) tram #3416Nizhny-Novgorod-Skoba-Square-streetcar-C0282.jpgTram #1231 (71-619K or KTM-19K)Nizhny Novgorod Tatra T3 modernized.jpgTatra T3 modernizedT6b5 nn.jpgCzech-made tramcar Tatra T6B5Nizhny Novgorod aerial tramway. Over lowland near Bor Town.jpgAerial tramway. Connects the Nizhny Novgorod and the nearby town of Bor, separated by a river VolgaAerial tramwayThe Nizhny Novgorod Volga Aerial Tramway from Nizhny Novgorod to Bor across the Volga river opened in 2012.Main sightsMuch of the city downtown is built in the Russian Revival and Stalin Empire styles. The dominating feature of the city skyline is the grand Kremlin (1500–1511), with its red-brick towers. After Bolshevik devastation, the only ancient edifice left within the kremlin walls is the tent-like Archangel Cathedral (1624–31), first built in stone in the 13th century.Cultural featuresПосилання на зображення Planetarium and circusThere are more than six hundred unique historic, architectural, and cultural monuments in the city.There are about two hundred municipal and regional art and cultural institutions within Nizhny Novgorod. Among these institutions there are eight theaters, five concert halls, ninety-seven libraries (with branches), seventeen movie theaters (including five movie theaters for children), twenty-five institutions of children optional education, eight museums (sixteen including branches), and seven parks.Nizhny Novgorod art galleryThe art gallery in Nizhny Novgorod is a large and important art gallery and museums of human history and culture.Nizhny Novgorod has a great and extraordinary art gallery with more than 12,000 exhibits, an enormous collection of works by Russian artists such as Viktor Vasnetsov, Karl Briullov, Ivan Shishkin, Ivan Kramskoi, Ilya Yefimovich Repin, Isaak Iljitsch Lewitan, Vasily Surikov, Ivan Aivazovsky, there are also greater collections of works by Boris Kustodiev and Nicholas Roerich, not only Russian art is part of the exhibition it include also a vast accumulation of Western European art like works by David Teniers the Younger, Bernardo Bellotto, Lucas Cranach the Elder, Pieter de Grebber, Giuseppe Maria Crespi, Giovanni Battista Piranesi, and lot more.Finally what makes this gallery extremely important is the amazing collection Russian avant-garde with works by Kazimir Malevich, Wassily Kandinsky, Natalia Goncharova, Mikhail Larionov and so on. There is also collection of East Asian art.Houses of worshipПосилання на зображення Pechersky Ascension MonasteryПосилання на зображення New Fair Cathedral (Alexander Nevsky Cathedral)Посилання на зображення Savior (Old Fair) CathedralOther notable landmarks are the two great medieval abbeys. The Pechersky Ascension Monastery features the austere five-domed cathedral (1632) and two rare churches surmounted by tent roofs, dating from the 1640s. The Annunciation monastery, likewise surrounded by strong walls, has another five-domed cathedral (1649) and the Assumption church (1678). The only private house preserved from that epoch formerly belonged to the merchant Pushnikov.There can be little doubt that the most original and delightful churches in the city were built by the Stroganovs in the nascent Baroque style. Of these, the Virgin's Nativity Church (1719) graces one of the central streets, whereas the Church of Our Lady of Smolensk (1694–97) survives in the former village of Gordeyevka (now, part of the city's Kanavinsky District), where the Stroganov palace once stood.Other notable churches include:the Saviour Cathedral, also known as the Old Fair Cathedral, a huge domed edifice built at the site of the great fair to an Empire style design by Agustín de Betancourt and Auguste de Montferrand in 1822;the so-called New Fair Cathedral, designed in the Russian Revival style and constructed between 1856 and 1880 at the confluence of the Oka and the Volga. The New Fair Cathedral is the third tallest Cathedral in Russia;the recently reconstructed Church of the Nativity of John the Precursor (1676–83), standing just below the Kremlin walls; it was used during the Soviet period as an apartment house;the parish churches of the Holy Wives (1649) and of Saint Elijah (1656);the Assumption Church on St Elijah's Hill (1672), with five green-tiled domes arranged unorthodoxly on the lofty cross-shaped barrel roof;the shrine of the Old Believers at the Bugrovskoe cemetery, erected in the 1910s to a critically acclaimed design by Vladimir Pokrovsky;the wooden chapel of the Intercession (1660), transported to Nizhny Novgorod from a rural area.There is also a mosque in Sennaya Square, where the Muslim populations of the city go for Friday prayers, Islamic activities and activities which are organized by the mosque. There is also a small shop to buy halal meats. Most of the Muslims in this city are Tatars.The centrally located Nizhny Novgorod Synagogue was built in 1881-1883; disused during the Soviet era, it was renovated and reopened ca. 1991.OtherA singular monument of industrial architecture is a 128-meter-high open-work hyperboloid tower built on the bank of the Oka near Dzerzhinsk as part of a powerline river crossing by the eminent engineer and scientist Vladimir Shukhov in 1929.A staircase connecting the Kremlin with the Volga river offers a panoramic view of the surroundings. The staircase itself was constructed in the late 1940s by German prisoners of war forced to labor around Gorky.EducationПосилання на зображення Main Entrance of State Technical UniversityNizhny Novgorod is home to the following educational facilities:N. I. Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny NovgorodNizhny Novgorod State Technical Universityhttp://www.nntu.sci-nnov.ru/nstu.htmlNizhny Novgorod State University of Architecture and Civil EngineeringNizhny Novgorod State Linguistic UniversityNizhny Novgorod State Pedagogical UniversityNizhny Novgorod State Medical AcademyNizhny Novgorod State Agricultural AcademyVolgo-Vyatsky Region Civil Service AcademyThere are also twenty research institutes located in the city.SportsSeveral sports clubs are active in the city: Club Sport Founded Current League LeagueRank StadiumVolga Nizhny NovgorodFootball1963Russian National Football League2ndLokomotiv StadiumTorpedo Nizhny NovgorodIce Hockey1946Kontinental Hockey League1stTrade Union Sport PalaceStart Nizhny NovgorodBandy1932Bandy Super League1stStart StadiumBC Nizhny NovgorodBasketball2000VTB United League1stTrade Union Sport PalaceGuberniya Nizhny NovgorodVolleyball2008Volleyball Super League1stFOK ZarechyeSpartaVolleyball2000Women's Volleyball Supreme League A2ndFOK ZarechyeFutbol-Hokkey NNFutsal1996Futsal Supreme League2ndFOK Krasnaya Gorka2018 FIFA World CupRussia became the host nation for the 2018 FIFA World Cup, and it has been decided that some matches will be played in Nizhny Novgorod in a stadium yet to be built. The stadium will be built on an island in the Volga river and will have a capacity of 44,899 people.[1]Notable peopleInternational relationsПосилання на зображення Volga riverside, Kremlin and Chkalov Stairs viewTwin towns and sister citiesNizhny Novgorod is twinned with: Essen, Germany Jinan, China Kharkiv, Ukraine Linz, Austria Matanzas, Cuba Bitola, Republic of Macedonia Novi Sad, Serbia Philadelphia, United States Sant Boi de Llobregat, Spain Suwon, South Korea Tampere, FinlandReferencesNotesSourcesMunro-Butler-Johnstone, Henry Alexander, A trip up the Volga to the fair of Nijni-Novgorod, Oxford: J. Parker and co., 1876.Fitzpatrick, Anne Lincoln, The Great Russian Fair: Nizhnii Novgorod, 1840-90, Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Macmillan, in association with St. Antony’s College, Oxford, 1990. ISBN 0-333-42437-9External linksOfficial website of Nizhny NovgorodNizhny Novgorod City GuideOfficial website of Nizhny Novgorod State Art Museum Art Museum of Nizhny NovgorodThe Nizhny Novgorod and Arzamas Archdiocese VisitNizhny.com Information about tourism and entertainment in Nizhny Novgorod Created by Anton Chivkunov.Nizhny Novgorod Online Heather DeHaan. "Nizhnii Novgorod: History in the Landscape"Photographic community in Nizhny Novgorod "Photo Gorky" Archangel's Cathedral, Cathedral of St. Michael the Archangel (Nizhny Novgorod)"Web-cameras100+ webcams on the Nizhny Novgorod Web-camera, Gorkogo sq. Web-camera, Lyadova sq. You could see Okskiy s'ezd, Gagarina prospect, Timiryazeva str. Web-camera, Kovalihinskaya and Proviantskaya streets crossing

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